Civil Rights Movement of the 1960’s



The civil rights movement was a period of American history when minorities wanted to get more rights and stop being discriminated against. It started in the 50’s when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white women and sit in the back of the bus, although most of it happened in the 60’s. Two of major leaders of this movement were Malcom X and Martin Luther King Jr. Dr. king led a march on Washington on August 28, 1963, and gave his famous “I Have A Dream” Speech. In his speech he talked about how everyone should be equal. This speech led to the 14th and 15th amendments. It also led to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which ended segregation in public places, the Civil Rights Act of 1965, which gave blacks the right to vote, and also the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which ended discrimination in public housing.

Here is a song written during this time period written by the folk group Peter, Paul, an Mary that talks about the ignorance during the civil rights movement. wind.mp3


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The Chicano Movement

1960. also called the Chicano Civil Rights Movement, or known as El Movimiento by Mexican Americans. Is was an “extention” of the Mexican American civil rights movement which began in the 1940’s. the goal pof which was to gain “social liberation”. also meant to address the stereotypes of Mexican Americans.
• Yolanda Broyles-Gonzalez, El Teatro Campesino: Theater in the Chicano Movement (University of Texas Press, 1994)

Jobs & Pay
One of the main issues facing the Latino(or chicano) civil rights movement is equal/fair pay and jobs. Just like any minority, Latinos seem to be discriminated against. This shows up a lot in the workplace. They either do not get paid enough or are forced to do the jobs the rest of us dont want to do. Those who are illegal immagrants have to take what they can get and have almost made it ok for employers to treat Latino citizens the same as someone who isnt a citizen. The Latino civil right movement is working on equalizing treatment and pay of Latino workers along with the jobs givin to them.



How The Two Movements Coincide

These two movements are very similar to one another. In the 1960's the black people were being discriminated in the workplace by not getting a good job or fair pay. The Act of 1964 made it illegal for an employer to discriminate against a person's religion, race, ethnic background or sex. So why is it that employers are taking advantage of the Latin people today? One of the major reasons of this is because of citizenship. In today’s world it is very hard to get to be a citizen of the United States. With this being said the employers can pay the Latin workers less because they can threaten to send them back to their country. Also the employers think they are doing them a favor by paying them out of pocket because most jobs require you to have a social security number in order to get paid and you have to be a citizen of the country to have one. Many of the Latinos that don't speak English get discriminated against because the employer can give them a different pay and tell them that it is the same as everyone else is getting.


Definitions


MEChA

Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán. Organization That promotes unity in the latino community using "education and reason". The acronym for the group MEChA means "fuse" in spanish

Juan WilliamsJuan_Williams.jpg

A senior correspondent for National Public Radio, a political analyst for Fox News and author of "Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965."

Rodolfo Acuña

Historian and professor and scholar of Chicano studies. Teaches at California State University. Wrote Occupied America: A History of Chicanos, which shows the history of the Southwestern United States as viewed by Mexican Americans. A lot of his work is in support of Mexican American Activism. Large supporter of the chicano movement.
• (2003). U.S. Latino issues. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press
• Julian Samora Research Institute (1997). Truth and objectivity and Chicano history. East Lansing, Michigan: Julian Samora Research Institute, Michigan State University.
• Chicano History And Identity Explored in Best-selling Book New Edition of Pearson Longman's Occupied America: A History of Chicanos , by Rodolfo F. Acuña, To Be Published in December 2006

Civil Rights

Rights that are given to people just because they are citizens. See 13th and 14th Amendments.

Racsim

a belief that one race is better than another

Chicano

a Mexican-American

LULAC (League of United Latin American Citizens)-

this is one of the oldest groups in America fighting for Latino civil rights



Sources Williams, Juan. "Washington Post." Washingtonpost.com. 13 Feb 2008 <www.washingtonpost.com>. richards, ron. "Civil Rights Movement." Protest Music of the 1960's. 13 Feb 2008 <www.washingtonpost.com>. Cabal, Luisa. "Luisa Cabal: attorney, Center for Reproductive Rights." BNET. 13 Feb 2008 <http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0PCH/is_2_8/ai_n19345144>. "Mexican Civil Rights Movement." las Culturas. 13 Feb 2008 <http://www.lasculturas.com/lib/libMexAmCivilRights.php>. Lopez, Julian. "Latino Discrimination in the Workplace." Workplace Discrimination. 13 Feb 2008 <http://www.workplacedscrimination.org/latino>. "Ethnic Majority in the Workplace." Ethnic Majority. 13 Feb 2008