CIVIL RIGHTS


SYNOPSIS: Civil Rights has been going on since 1954 and is still going on today in 2008. The Civil Rights Movement focused on abolishing racial discrimination against African Americans. This movement gave confidence to other movements, such as the Women's Rights Movement.

IMPORTANT LEADERS

  • 461px-Malcolm-x.jpgMalcom X (1925-1965) An American Black Muslim minister, and a spokesmen for the Nation of Islam.He was a powerful campaigner for black rights, and advocated the use of violence

  • martin-luther-king-jr-speaking-at-the-washington-mall.jpgMartin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968) Was one of the main leaders of the Civil Rights movement. He was a baptist minister. He became a Civil Rights activist early in his career. He was involved in many Civil Right movements such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott, Southern Christian Leadership Conference, March on Washington, and his " I have a dream" speech.

  • rosa-parks.jpgRosa Parks (1913-2005) Became famous for refusing to listen to the bus drivers orders. Being a black women she was asked to give up her seat to a white person but she refused. She was part of the Montgomery Bus Boycott which is one of the largest movements against racial segregation.

WOMENS RIGHTS-JOBS



SYNOPSIS:

Since 1848 the women's right movement has been taking place. The first women's rights convention was held in 1848. Since then, women have been fighting hard for equal rights. A huge step was taken in 1920, when the 19th amendment was passed. This gave women the right to vote. Today, women are still being discriminated against from their salary, to their social status. Women face discrimination from their bosses, husbands, and society on a daily basis.

DEFINITIONS

1. Womens Rights- the rights of freedom for all women, equal to men, including respect to suffrage, property, the professional field, etc.
2. Civil Rights- The rights to any minority group to full legal, social, and economic equality.
3. Human Rights- The basic rights and freedoms of all humans.
4. Natural Rights- A right that is the nature of ethics and not dependent on human actions or beliefs.
5.Feminist- an organized movement for the attainment of such rights for women.
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FACTS

  • The Equal Pay Act, which was passed in 1963 required identical salaries for men and women doing the same work. This helped eliminate obvious discrimination in the work place, but the difference between men and women's salary still continues today.
  • In 2003 women made 75.5 cents fr every dollar a man made. The average income for a man in 2003 was $40,668, while the average income for a women working full time was only $30,724.
In April of 2001, The Fair Pay Act required that firms give equal pay to workers that have jobs with comparable skill requirements and responsibilities

LEADERS

  • 38-SusanBAnthony.gifSusan B. Anthony (1820-1906) Played a role in the 19th century women's rights movement to help womens suffrage in the United States. She traveled across the United States and Europe and gave over 100 speeches per year on women's rights for morethan 45 years. She became the headmistress of the female department of Canjoharie Academy. This was her first occupation that inspired her to fight for wages equal to male teachers. She attended the first American women's rights convention and another convention held in New York.
  • Elizabeth_Blackwell.jpgElizabeth Blackwell (1821-1910) Studied medicine privately and graduated medical school. She became the first women to have her name placed on the British medical register. During the civil war she helped organize the womens central organization of relief, and trained nurses for war service. She helped organize the National health society and was appointed professor of Gynecology
  • 481px-Lucretiamot.jpgLucretia Mott(1793-1880) Was credited as the first american "Feminist" in the early 1800's. She was part of the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848. This convention was the first American women's rights meeting. She quoted "the duty of the women of this country to secure themselves the sacred right to the elective franchise". Her resolution was passed and became the focus of the group's campaign over the next few years.


GOALS

-The main goal is that one day everyone can be viewed as equal. Huge leaps have been taken over the past years, however, women, blacks, and other minorites are still not treated equal. With the ongoing fight from these minorities, hopefully one day everyone will be seen as "equal".



THE CIVIL RIGHTS INFLUENCE ON WOMEN'S RIGHTS
The civil rights movement influenced other acts because it focused on equality. The Civil Rights Movement focused on blacks being treated equal,having equal employment, equal education, equal access to public accommodations, equal justice before the law, and equal housing opportunities. The Women's Rights focuses on similar goals, but these goals are intended for women.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1.Soderlund, Jean R. "women's status and rights, 1585–1763." In Smith, Billy G., and Gary B. Nash, eds. Encyclopedia of American History: Colonization and Settlement, 1608 to 1760, vol. 2. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2003. American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?
ItemID=WE52&iPin=EAHII445&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 12, 2008).
2.Kelly, Catherine E. "women's rights and status, 1754–1820s." In Gilje, Paul A., and Gary B. Nash, eds. Encyclopedia of American History: Revolution and New Nation, 1761 to 1812, vol. 3. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2003. American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?
ItemID=WE52&iPin=EAHIII401&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 12, 2008).
3.Frank, Lisa Tendrich. "women's status and rights, 1850–1877." In Waugh, Joan, and Gary B. Nash, eds. Encyclopedia of American History: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1856 to 1869, vol. 5. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2003. American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?
ItemID=WE52&iPin=EAHV327&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 12, 2008).

PICTURES

"Malcolm X." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia February 2007 2-12-08 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malcom_x>.
"Martin Luther King, Jr.." From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia February 2008 2-12-08 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_luther_king>.
"Rosa Parks." From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia February 2007 2-12-08 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosa_parks>.
"Susan B Anthony." From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia February 2007 2-12-08 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susan_B_Anthony>.
"Elizabeth Blackwell." From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia February 2007 2-12-08 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Blackwell>.
"Lucretia Mott." From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia February 2007 2-12-08 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucretia_Mott>.